## 23) Fluency

Five Plus Bonds: Tic-Ta c-Toe

### Mathematics

Develop fluency with single-digit 5 plus bonds.

### Language

• equals as “is”
• horizontally, vertically, diagonally

## Differentiation

### A little easier

##### Represent five plus bonds with fingers

Make each amount spun with fingers using one hand to represent five.

This example shows five plus bonds with right hand dominance.

##### Represent five plus bonds with bond blocks

Make each 5 plus bond with the matching whole using a linear part-part-whole representation. Place the blocks next to the matching empty ten frame representation on the activity board.  This encourages students to make connections between the linear part-part-whole representation and empty ten frame representation.

Remove blocks gradually as fluency develops.

• For example, first remove 6 as 5 and 1 and 9 as 5 and 4. These tend to be the easiest of the five plus bonds to remember.
• Later remove 7 as 5 and 2.
• Finally remove 8 as 5 and 3.
• Place blocks within reach in a random pile. Students can access selected blocks to check facts when they feel the need.

### Progression

In the next activity students apply five plus bonds to addition. Go to

##### Activity 24

Five Plus Bonds: Addition, Building a Wall